Parole Review For All

IN PRINT, ONLINE AND IN OTHER MEDIA, (All links accessed on March 12, 2020)

2. CJPC’s document re: LWOP
Life Without Parole: A Reconsideration .
Haas, Gordon and Lloyd Fillion.
Criminal Justice Policy Coalition Inc. 2nd ed. 2015

3. Books
Too Cruel, Not Unusual Enough.
K. Hartmann, ed.
The Steering Committee Press, 2013.
Life Without Parole: America's New Death Penalty?
Ogletree, Charles J. Jr., Austin Sarat, eds.
New York University Press, 2012.
Fleck, Rick.
Pacific Press Publishing Association, 2008.
Mauer, Marc and Ashley Nellis.
The New Press, NY, 2018.
Good Kids, Bad City: A Story of Race and Wrongful Conviction in America.
Swenson, Kyle.
Picador. 2019.
Listening to Killers: Lessons Learned from My Twenty Years as a Psychological Expert Witness in Murder Cases.
Gabarino, James.
University of California Press, 2015.
On Forgiveness
Amish Grace: How Forgiveness Transcended Tragedy.
Krayvill, Donald B., Steven M. Nolt, David L. Weaver-Zercher.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007.
Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence.
Minow, Martha.
Beacon Press. 1998.
Forgiveness: A Philosophical Exploration.
Griswold, Charles L.
Cambridge University Press. 2007.
Forgiving the Unforgivable: Overcoming the Bitter Legacy of Intimate Wounds.
Flanigan, Beverly, M.S.S.W.
Macmillan. 1992.
Kushner, Rachel,
April 17, 2019, New York Times.
Life After Murder: Five Men in Search of Redemption.
Mullane, Nancy.
Perseus Group. 2012.
No Future Without Forgiveness.
Tutu, Desmond.
Rider, 1999.
When Should Law Itself Forgive?
Minow, Martha.
Boston Globe. November 4, 2019.

4. Films, Radio Programs
Whitaker, Forest, Narrator & Executive Producer, Lisa R. Cohen, Director.
Toe Tag Parole: To Live and Die on Yard A.
Raymond, Alan and Susan, Producers.
Glover, Jacqueline HBO Supervising Producer & Sheila Nevins HBO Executive Producer.
Life Without Parole: A Five Part Series.
Hausman, Sandy.
Virginia Public Radio, May 2, 2016.

5. Lifers’ Stories in the Media
A Longer than Life Sentence.
Hernandez, Jason.
Feb. 6, 2018 pub. under Parole & Release part of the Smart Justice Campaign on ACLU.org
Bill would allow elderly life without parole inmates a hearing on release.
Taylor, Jason.
April 7, 2017. Missourinet.
Life Without Parole: Four Inmates’ Stories.
Tierney, John.
Dec. 12, 2012, New York Times.
Free at last or life without parole: Two tales of crime and punishment in Obama's America.
Rivas, Jorge and Katie McDonough.
Splinter News. January 19, 2017.

6. Professional and Organizational Journals
A Living Death: Life without Parole for Nonviolent Offenses.
ACLU Foundation.
pub. Nov. 2013.
Against Life Without Parole.
Lichtenberg, Judith.
pub. 2018 by Georgetown University.
Criminal Justice Without Retribution.
Kelly, Erin I.
pub. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 106, No. 8 (Aug., 2009), pp. 440-462.
Disaggregating LWOP: Life Without Parole, Capital Punishment, and Mass Incarceration in Florida, 1972–1995.
Seeds, Christopher.
Law & Society Review Volume 52, Issue 1. January 5, 2018.
I Beg Your Pardon: A Call for Renewal of Executive Clemency and Accountability in Massachusetts.
Wolfe, Gavriel B.
Boston College Third World Law Journal Vol. 27 Issue 2 Article 4, page 417 (4/1/2007).
Life without Parole.
Appleton, Catherine.
Oxford Handbooks. Sep., 2015.
Life Without Parole: Inside the secretive world of parole boards, where your freedom may depend on politics and whim.
Schwartzapfel, Beth.
July 10, 2015. The Marshall Project.
Life Without Parole, America's Other Death Penalty: Notes on Life Under Sentence of Death by Incarceration.
Johnson, Robert and Sandra McGunigall-Smith.
The Prison Journal June 1, 2008 pub. Pennsylvania Prison Society .
On Incarceration and Health — Reframing the Discussion.
Vanjani, Rahul M.D.
New England Journal of Medicine 2017; 376:2411-2413. June 22, 2017.
Sentenced to Life: Penal Reform and the Most Severe Sanctions.
Gottschalk, Marie.
Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 9: 353-382. pub. Nov. 2013.
Still Life: America’s Increasing Use of Life and Long-Term Sentences.
Nellis, Ashley
pub. 2017 by the Sentencing Project.
The Dilemmas of Excessive Sentencing: Death May be Different but How Different?
Meltsner, Michael.
Northeastern University Law Journal Vol.7 #1. 2014. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2490563
Twenty-Five Year Review of Sentences to Life Without Parole.
Markham, Jamie.
May 19, 2016.
Willie Horton’s Shadow: Clemency in Massachusetts.
Notterman, Ben and Courtney M. Oliva.
New York University School of Law, Center on the Administration of Criminal Law, State Clemency Project, 2019.

7. Reports on MA Prisons and Prisoners.

The following is a selection of reports relevant to the issue of life sentences, and generated by prisoners in Massachusetts. All are available on the website www.realcostofprisons.org, listed alphabetically by author, and found under the dropdown link “Writings from prison.”
Aging, Criminal Propensity and Lifer Paroles: A Massachusetts Paradox.
Greineder, Dirk and Gordon Haas.
Lifers’ Group Inc. Sep., 2016.
Forgiveness and the Parole Board.
Haas, Gordon and Lloyd Fillion.
Lifers’ Group, July, 2012.
"Life" Is A Death Existence: Aging and Dying in Massachusetts Prisons.
Greineder, Dirk.
A Lifers' Group Report. January 2018.
Parole Decisions for Lifers, 2016.
Haas, Gordon and George Macgrath.
A Lifers’ Group Report pub. 2017 (N.B. This is one of a series of annual reports on parole decisions; others are found at the above referenced website. The analysis for 2017 has just be printed and may soon be found at the same site.)
Recidivism of Second Degree Lifers: Minimal Rates of Re-Offense.
Greineder, Dirk.
A Lifers’ Group Report pub. Sep., 2017.

8. LWOP in the Media, A Sampling.

A sentence of life without parole shortsighted at best.
Marallen, Christine.
Cincinnati.com Feb. 26, 2018.
America Is Sentencing Way Too Many People To Die In Prison.
Engel, Pamela.
Business Insider, Sep. 19, 2013.
Can Forgiveness play a role in Criminal Justice?
Tullis, Paul.
New York Times Jan.4 2013.
Can We Fix Mass Incarceration Without Including Violent Offenders?
Lartey, Jamiles.
Marshall Project, December 12, 2019.
Can You Talk Your Way Out of a Life Sentence? California is giving a second chance to thousands of inmates who had no hope of parole. But first they have to prove to a panel of strangers that they’ve truly changed.
Slater, Dashka.
NYT. January 1, 2020.
Changing Perception, Changing The Law.
Trounstine, Jean.
digboston. March 3, 2020.
Commutations can relieve costs of sick and aging prison population — and reverse decades of bad policy.
The Inquirer Editorial Board.
Philadelphia Inquirer, December 19, 2019.
Death without killing: The inhumanity of life without parole.
Thorngate, Steven.
The Christian Century. Aug. 4, 2015.
Don’t Let Parole Become a Meaningless Concept.
The Editorial Board.
New York Times, Mar. 18, 2018.
Every DA in America Should Open a Sentence Review Unit: To fight mass incarceration, prosecutors need to give extreme sentences a second look.
Froman, Jr., James and Sarah Lustbader.
New York Times. Aug. 1, 2019.
He got life without parole for pot. And he was just denied clemency.
Ganeva, Tana.
Washington Post. Dec. 2, 2016.
If one is sentenced to life without parole, why not do whatever one wanted in prison since they already have life?
One question and nineteen responses.
In ’99 He Was Sentenced to Life. Twenty Years Later, I Set Him Free: A federal judge explains how she saw redemption in an inmate’s efforts to improve himself.
Rosenberg, Robin.
NY Times July 18, 2019.
Inmates come face to face with victims to break cycle of violence: Restorative justice program pairs offenders with victims, prosecutors and others.
Beaudet, Mike.
WCVB-TV. Jul. 12, 2018.
Is It Time to Rethink Life-without-Parole Sentencing?
Myers, David G.
Scientific American, MIND Guest Blog July 1, 2015.
Leaving Prison at 72.
Rojis, Rick.
NY Times, Oct. 8, 2019.
Life after Life: Why parole in America is like another prison.
Hartman, Kenneth E.
Harpers Magazine. Oct. 2019.
Life Without Parole.
Oaklander, Mandy.
HoustonPress, pub. Apr. 13, 2011.
Life Without Parole: A Different Death Penalty.
Dow, David R.
The Nation. Oct. 26, 2012.
Life Without Parole Is A Terrible Idea.
Dow, David R.
The Daily Beast pub. Apr. 27, 2012, updated Jul. 13, 2017.
Slavery gave America a fear of black people and a taste for violent punishment. Both still define our criminal-justice system.
Stevenson, Byron.
NY Times, Aug.14, 2019.
Taking a second look at life imprisonment.
Gertner, Nancy and Marc Mauer.
Boston Globe, November 7, 2019.
What Part of "Thou Shall Not Kill" Don’t We Understand?
Renkl, Margaret.
NY Times, Aug. 19, 2019.
The Media’s Misguided Backlash Against Criminal Justice Reforms in D.C. and New York.
Johnson, Adam.
The Appeal, pub. January 9, 2020.
Would you let the man who killed your sister out of prison?
Campbell Robertson.
NY Times, July 19, 2019.
Life without parole is death in slow motion.
The Editorial Board.
Fort Worth Star Telegram. Sep. 7, 2016.
Nearly 5 Decades Later, Man Who Killed New York Officers Wins Parole.
Baker, Al.
New York Times, March 15, 2018.
Over 3,000 US prisoners serving life without parole for non-violent crimes.
Pilkington, Ed.
The Guardian, pub. Nov. 13, 2013.
S.C. Legislature must reform life-without-parole sentences.
Nellis, Ashley.
Charleston Post & Courier, Sep. 20, 2017.
Suicide of 70-Year-Old John Mackenzie After Tenth Parole Denial Illustrates Broken System.
Law, Victoria.
Village Voice, August 9, 2016.
The Cost of Life Without Parole.
Barr, Glenn.
The Mountain News, Lake Arrowhead, CA, March 24, 2011.
The Meaning of Life Without Parole.
Smith, Clint.
The New Yorker, Feb. 8, 2016.
The Moral Problem of Life-Without-Parole Sentences.
Garrett, Brandon L..
Time Magazine, October 26, 2017.


Sentencing Alternatives
Life Without Parole
Death Penalty Information Center
Factsheet: Life Without Parole in Pennsylvania.
Decarcerate PA
Race and Ethnicity.
Chap.VI; tables 1,4 in PDF.
The Sentencing Project
The Dramatic Rise of Life Without Parole, in 3 Charts: 1 in 9 American prisoners has been sentenced to die in jail.
Riggs, Mike.
CITYLAB, September 18, 2013.


Death Penalty Information Center
Decarcerate PA
Families Against Mandatory Minimums
Louis D. Brown Peace Institute
*The Marshall Project
The Other Death Penalty Project
Fighting to End the Other Death Sentence: Life Without Parole
The Real Cost of Prisons
The Sentencing Project
American Civil Liberties Union
Transform Harm
*The Marshall Project hosts a blog, sending out a daily commentary referencing many articles about numerous topics within the criminal justice systems. There are frequent writings of currently incarcerated individuals, links to media stories involving the police and courts, and analyses of many relevant topics beyond Life sentencing. There is no subscription cost.

Sponsored by...
Criminal Justice Policy Coalition, www.cjpc.org